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CHON-JEE: Movements - 19, Ke-Haps - 17;
Heaven and Earth: the beginning of the earth or mankind. Consisting of two parts, one two represent heaven, and one to represent earth.

DAN-GOON: Movements - 21, Ke-Haps - 8,17;
Is named after the holy DAN-GOON, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 B.C.

DO-SAN: Movements - 24, Ke-Haps - 6,24;
Is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-ho (1867-1938) who devoted his entire life to the education of Korea and its independence.

WON-HYO: Movements - 28, Ke-Haps - 11,25;
Was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the SILLA dynasty in the year 688 A.D.

YUL-GUK: Movements - 38, Ke-Haps - 23,36;
Is the pseudonym of the great philosopher and scholar YIL (1536-1584) nicknamed "Confusious of KOREA". The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38th degree latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".

JOON-GUN: Movements - 32, Ke-Haps - 12,32;
Is named after the patriot An Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of KOREA and the man who played the leading part of the KOREA-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed in Lui-Shung prison in 1910.

TOI-GYE: Movements - 37, Ke-Haps - 20,29,37;
Is the pennae of the noted scholar Yi-Hwang (16 A.D.) an authority on neo-Confucianism. the 37 movements in this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37th degree latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".

HWA-RANG: Movements - 29, Ke-Haps - 15,27;
Is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla dynasty about 1350 years ago. this group eventually became the driving force for the unification of the three kingdoms of KOREA. The 29 movements refer to the 29th infantry division where Tae Kwon Do developed into maturity.

CHOONG-MOO: Movements - 30, Ke-Haps - 11,30;
Was the given name to the great admiral YI SOON SIN of the Yi dynasty. He was requited to have invented the KOBUKSON which was the precursor to the modern day submarine in 1592 A.D. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is due to his regrettable death having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality, checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to his king.

GWANG-GAE: Movements - 39, Ke-Haps - ;
Is picked after the famous GWANG-GAE-TO-WANG, the 19th king of the Koguryo dynasty who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territories. The 39 movements refer to his reign for 39 years.