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BELTS:

Tae Kwon Do there are 10 Keub, starting from the 10th Keub (white belt) and ends with the 1st Keub (red-black belt). The term "Keub" means degree. The term "Dan" means phase. There are 9 Dan degrees, starting with the first and ending with the 9th. All Dan-degrees are represented by a black belt.

 

The color white indicates that a person is "innocent", has no knowledge of the sport Tae Kwon Do yet. The white-belt is automatically gained by taking Tae Kwon Do classes.

The color yellow indicates that the person is getting to know the basic techniques; this stadium is compared to a plant growing its roots.  The student going for yellow-belt is usually not skilled enough to show "Chayu daeryon" (non-contact sparring). Instead the student has to show "Sajoe" ("four-direction-movement", one specific technique shown to all directions).

The color green indicates that a student is growing as a Tae Kwon Do student. The color of the belt is compared to a plant growing its leafs.

The color blue indicates that a student is reaching higher, like the plant is growing to the sky.

The color red indicates danger. The student is warned to practice the control of his/her movements. The color red also warrens an opponent.

W.T.F. Tae Kwon Do requires that one has to be 16 years old to get a black belt. If you're younger, you get a poem, which can be replaced by a black belt if you pass the age of 16. The requirements are the same as for the black belt.

Black is the opposite of white and signifies the maturity of the student in the sport. It also is an indication of being impenetrable for fear and darkness. A black belt has to know all the skills mentioned above. There is also a special pattern for black belts. The patterns follow the poomsae TaeGuks as well as the poomsae Palgwes.

1. 1st Dan - poomsae TaeGuk 1-8
2. 2nd Dan - poomsae Koryo
3. 3rd Dan - poomsae Keumgang
4. 4th Dan - poomsae TaeBaek
5. 5th Dan - poomsae Pyongwon
6. 6th Dan - poomsae Sipjin

Names & Titles
  • Kuk Sa Nim:-Grand Master (10th degree Black Belt)
  • Chong KwanJang Nim:-Chief Master (9th degree Black Belt)
  • Kwan Jahng Him:-Master (5th, 6th, 7th, 8th degree Black Belts)
  • Sa Bum Nim:-Instructor (4th degree Black Belt)
  • Pu Sa Bum Nim:-Assistant Instructor (3rd degree Black Belt)
  • Kyo Sa Nim:-Assistant Instructor (2nd degree Black Belt)
  • Jo Kyo Nim:-Assistant Instructor (1st degree Black Belt)
COUNTINGS:
  • Il - First
  • Ee - Second
  • Sahm - Third
  • Sah - Fourth
  • Oh - Fifth
  • Yook - Sixth
  • Chil - Seventh
  • Pahl - Eighth
  • Gu - Ninth
  • Ship - Tenth
  • Hah Nah - 1
  • Dul - 2
  • Set - 3
  • Net - 4
  • Dah Suht - 5
  • Yah Suht - 6
  • Il Gohp - 7
  • Yuh Duhl - 8
  • Ah Hohp - 9
  • Yul - 10
  • BLOCKING TECHNIQUES (Makgee)
  • Ahre Makgee - Low block
  • Momtong Makgee - Middle block
  • Eolgul Makgee - High (Face) block
  • Geudeureo Makgee - Fist of one arm supports the other arm by the elbow
  • Sonnal-Bakat Makgee - Block with knife hand, from inside to outside
  • Gawi Makgee - "Scissor" block with one hand Ahre magi, the other one a Momtong-bakat maggi
  • Eotgalyo Makgee - "X" block
  • Hechyo Makgee - "Wig" block
  • Bituro Makgee - Twisting block
  • BODY
    • Mom - Body
    • Eolgool - Upper body
    • Momtong - Middle part of body (trunk)
    • Ahre - Lower part of body (i.e. legs and feet)
    • Meo-Ree - Head
    • Mok - Neck
    • Myung-Chi - Solar plexus
    • Pal - Arm
    • Palkoop - Elbow
    • Palmok - Forearm
    • Son - Hand
    • SonMok - Wrist
    • JuMeok - Fist
    • Dari - Leg
    • Muroop - Knee
    • Baal - Foot
    • Apchook - Ball of foot
    THE DISCIPLINE OF TAEKWONDO:
  • Poomse - Style-forms
  • Hosinsul - Self-Defense
  • Gyoroogi - Sparring
  • Kyep-Pa - Break test
  • TENETS OF TAEKWONDO:
  • Ye-Ee - Courtesy
  • Yom-Chi - Integrity
  • In-Nae - Perseverance
  • JahJeh - Self-control
  • BaekJool - Indomitable Spirit
  • DIRECTIONS:
    BASICS:
  • Yea Eue - Etiquette
  • Kyung Neh - Bow
  • Cha Ryuht - Attention
  • Juhng Jah - Proper Sitting
  • Joon Bee - Ready
  • She Jahk - Begin
  • Geut - Finish
  • Bah Roh - At Ease
  • Doh Jahng - Practice Hall
  • Doh Bok - Uniform
  • Di - Belt
  • Eue Bok - Clothing
  • Soo Ryuhn - Practice
  • Geu Mahn - Stop
  • Shee Uh - Rest
  • Soom She Ki - Breathing
  • Ki Cho Jah Ki - Breathing Exercises
  • Ki - Internal Life Force
  • Ki Hahp - Forcing KI by Pressure when Breathing
  • Mon Puhl Ki - Warm-up Exercises
  • Kuk Ki - National Flag
  • Won Ki - Kuk Sool Association Flag
  • STANCES (Sohgi)
    The following words are often used as commands. If this is the case, the name of th stance is usually followed by the command "Joonbi," which means to get ready into that stance. "Naranhi Sohgi" is the beginning of each style form. It is not common to give this stance as a command, so here only the term "Joonbi" is used:
    • Naranhi Sohgi - Parallel stance
    • Pyonhi Sohgi - Ready stance (i.e. "at ease")
    • Moa Sohgi - Closed feet stance
    • Ahp Sohgi - Walking stance
    • Ahpkubi Sohgi - Forward stance
    • Dwikubi Sohgi - Backward stance
    • Juchoom Sohgi - Hose Riding stance
    • Bum Sohgi - Tiger stance
    • Koa Sohgi - Twisted stance
    ARM TECHNIQUES:
  • Eogul Jireugi - High punch
  • Momtong Jireugi - Middle punch
  • Sonnal Mok Anchigi - With knife hand strike at neck
  • Pyeonsonkut Jireugi - Spear fingers
  • Doobeon Jireugi - Double punch
  • KICKING TECHNIQUES:
  • Ahp-Cha-gi - Front kick
  • Dolryo-Cha-gi - Round kick
  • Naeryo-Cha-gi - Axe kick / Downward kick
  • Yop-Cha-gi - Side kick
  • Hooryo-Cha-gi - Hook kick
  • Bandae-Dolryo-Cha-gi- Opposite Spinning Hook kick
  • Dwi-Dolryo-Cha-gi - Spinning Hook kick
  • COMPETITIONS:
  • Gyorugi - Sparring
  • HohGoo - Body Protector
  • Charyeot - Attention Stance
  • Kyeongre - Bow
  • Joonbi - Ready
  • Jeon - Round
  • Il-Hoejeon - First round
  • Shijak - Start fight
  • Kallyo - Pause
  • Kuman - End fight
  • Kam-Jom-Hana - Penalty 1 point
  • Kyeongo-Hana - Warning 1
  • Hong - Red
  • Chong - Blue
  • Boo Sang - Injury
  • Miscellaneous
  • Kibon-Dongjak - Fundamental Practice
  • Poomse / Hyong - Style figures
  • Daeron - Step sparring
  • Sajoe Daeryon - Four-direction movement
  • Pan Ja Yu - Semi contact fight
  • Gyorugi - Full contact fight
  • Hoshinsool - Self-Defense
  • Paegi - Freeing techniques
  • Kihp - Powerful Yell, to collect and focus internal energy
  • Chagi - Kick
  • Higi - Attack with hand
  • Jiroegi - Punch
  • Dan - Black Belt degree: 1st 10th degrees
  • Gup - Colored Belt degrees: 10th (white) 1st (red-black)
  • Dobok - Uniform
  • Tie - Belt
  • DoJang - Practice gym
  • Kwan - School
  • Kam-Sa-Hamnida - Thank you
  • Cheon-Ma-Ne-Yo - You're welcome
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